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Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapy treatment focuses on helping people achieve independence in all areas of their lives. OT can help kids with various needs improve their cognitive, physical, and motor skills and enhance their self-esteem and sense of accomplishment.

         People may think that occupational therapy is only for adults. But it is also for kids. A child's main occupation is playing and learning during their childhood. Their occupation is evaluated by an occupational therapist, comparing them with the developed child of the same age group.


Kids with these medical problems might benefit from Occupational Therapy:

• Birth injuries or birth defects.

• Sensory processing disorders.

• Traumatic injuries (brain or spinal cord).

• Learning problems.

• Autism/pervasive developmental disorders.

• Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.

• Mental health or behavioral problems.

• Broken bones or other orthopaedic injuries.

• Developmental delays.

• Post-surgical conditions.

• Burns.

• Spinal bifida.

• Traumatic amputations.

• Cancer.

• Severe hand injuries.

• Multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, and other chronic illnesses.

Occupational therapists might:

• Help kids work on fine motor skills so they can grasp and release toys and develop good handwriting skills.

• Address hand-eye coordination to improve kids' play skills (hitting a target, batting a ball, copying from a blackboard, etc.).

• Help kids with severe developmental delays learn basic tasks (such as bathing, getting dressed, brushing their teeth, and feeding themselves).

• Help kids with behavioral disorders learn anger-management techniques (i.e., instead of hitting others or acting out, using positive ways to deal with anger, such as writing about feelings or participating in a physical activity).

• Teach kids with physical disabilities the coordination skills needed to feed themselves, use a computer, or increase the speed and legibility of their handwriting.

• Evaluate a child's need for specialized equipment, such as wheelchairs, splints, bathing equipment, dressing devices, or communication aids.

• Work with kids who have sensory and attention issues to improve focus and social skills.

How Physical Therapy and OT Differ

Although both physical and occupational therapy help improve kids' quality of life, there are differences. Physical therapy (PT) deals with pain, strength, joint range of motion, endurance, and gross motor functioning, whereas OT deals more with fine motor skills, visual-perceptual skills, cognitive skills, and sensory-processing deficits.

         We in Shaaron provide Occupational Therapy for our students. OT using equipments are also provided. OT is also part of our curriculum. Our therapist may work with the child individually, lead small groups in the classroom, consult with a teacher to improve the functioning skills of the child etc. Occupational Therapists work in close partnership with the child and their family, schools and other healthcare professionals. Together they have a shared responsibility for meeting the child's needs.